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20Q: Hearing Loss and Its Comorbidities

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1.  Comorbidity refers to:
  1. Causes of a chronic condition
  2. Symptoms of a single chronic condition
  3. Co-existence of two or more chronic conditions in a single patient
  4. Incidence of a chronic condition within a population
2.  Hearing loss has been shown to be related to which of the following conditions?
  1. cardiovascular disease
  2. dementia
  3. depression
  4. all of the above
3.  Comorbidities with hearing loss include which of the following?
  1. depression
  2. TMJ
  3. carpal tunnel syndrome
  4. eczema
4.  Epidemiological research:
  1. seeks to find out which interventions for a disease are most effective.
  2. looks at the nature and occurrence of disease in different populations.
  3. looks at statistically defined differences between treatment groups and placebo groups in controlled experimental studies.
  4. is not concerned with risk factors.
5.  Hazard ratio:
  1. describes the cumulative risk of an outcome occurring over a time span
  2. describes the risk of a disorder being diagnosed at a particular point in time (not cumulative)
  3. is the signal power versus the noise power, expressed in decibels
  4. is the same as relative risk or odds ratio
6.  In the context of reporting epidemiologic data, the term "adjusted" refers to:
  1. interpreting the data with caution due to a small number of subjects in the study
  2. individual data has been extrapolated onto a population
  3. the data have taken into account other confounding variables that might be responsible for the effect being studied
  4. adjusting data from a customary system to the metric system
7.  The link between hearing loss and dementia:
  1. is not supported by evidence
  2. means that hearing loss causes dementia
  3. means that treating hearing loss will stave off dementia
  4. none of the above
8.  Lin and Ferrucci (2012) found:
  1. Increased odds of reporting a fall in the past 12 months with increased hearing loss
  2. Decreased odds of reporting a fall in the past 12 months with increased hearing loss
  3. No relationship between falls and hearing loss
  4. Hearing loss causes cardiovascular problems.
9.  Treating hearing loss with hearing aids has been shown to have a positive effect on:
  1. depression
  2. some measures of cognitive performance
  3. postural stability
  4. all of the above
10.  Audiologists can use information on comorbidities to:
  1. diagnose related medical conditions
  2. expand their case histories, educate allied health professionals about hearing loss, expand screenings and referral networks
  3. counsel patients that hearing loss causes serious issues like dementia, depression, falls and diabetes so they should seek early treatment
  4. treat related medical conditions like depression and cognitive issues

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