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Autism and Neurodiversity

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1.  The term “disorder”:
  1. Is part of the DSM-5 official nomenclature regarding autism
  2. Can be used interchangeably with “disability”
  3. Can be experienced as dehumanizing and evoking pity
  4. Both A & C
2.  Which statement is false?
  1. The term “disability” implies a person needs support or intervention in order to function well.
  2. The term “difference” implies the person is simply atypical relative to a population norm.
  3. The term “disability” implies that a person may have some areas of strength .
  4. The term “difference” implies that a person needs support or intervention in order to function well.
3.  The term “disease”:
  1. Implies that a biomedical cause has become known through research and testing.
  2. Implies that a cure or treatment is required.
  3. Implies that there are no strengths or associated positive aspects
  4. All of the above
4.  The term “neurodiversity” was first applied to autism by:
  1. Hans Asperger
  2. Leo Kanner
  3. Judy Singer
  4. Lorna Wing
5.  The DSM-5 is:
  1. An international categorization of diseases, disorders, injuries and other related health conditions.
  2. Sponsored by the World Health Organization.
  3. No longer including autism as a diagnostic category.
  4. Published by the American Psychiatric Association and purports to facilitate more reliable diagnoses of mental disorders.
6.  The heterogeneity of autism:
  1. Supports that autism is a disorder.
  2. Supports that the traditional medical model and neurodiversity do not have to be mutually exclusive.
  3. Supports that autism is just a difference.
  4. Supports genetic causation of autism.
7.  A UK survey of preferred ways of describing autism revealed:
  1. Most parent responders preferred disability-first language.
  2. Most family and friends responders preferred disability-first language.
  3. Most clinician responders preferred person-first language.
  4. Most autistic responders preferred person-first language.
8.  The term “person-first”:
  1. Refers to language that refers to people first and then their disability.
  2. Has been rejected by many in the deaf and blind communities.
  3. Has been encouraged in many medical training programs.
  4. All of the above
9.  The term “disability first”:
  1. Is universally accepted by autistic individuals.
  2. Refers to using an adjective or a noun that identifies a person by their condition.
  3. Is felt by some to overly identify a person as their condition.
  4. Both B & C
10.  The following is true about “neurotypicality”:
  1. It should always be the goal of all autism interventions.
  2. It is desired by all autistic individuals.
  3. It refers to what is considered normal, typical or standard behavior.
  4. It is very easily defined.

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