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Vanderbilt Audiology Journal Club: Relationships Among Vestibular Disorders

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1.  What is the most likely reason it be difficult to arrive at a diagnosis of MARD?
  1. The statement above is incorrect. It is very easy to get a diagnosis of MARD.
  2. Specialists that diagnose anxiety, migraine, and ear-related disorders are in separate fields.
  3. The patient would have too many copays seeing all these specialists.
  4. Specialists do not know how to diagnose more than one disorder.
2.  Which sensory system do patients with MARD typically preference?
  1. Proprioceptive cues
  2. Vestibular cues
  3. Visual cues
  4. Somatosensory cues
3.  What is the most likely suggested pathophysiology of MARD?
  1. Dysfunction of monoaminergic pathways important for migraine, anxiety, and central vestibular system.
  2. Abnormal firing of GABA-controlled pathways, blocking signal transmission to the ears.
  3. Basilar-type migraine, with lack of blood flow to the brain and the ears.
  4. All of the above
4.  According to Zhu et al. the current method of establishing a single diagnosis of dizziness disorders explains ________% of dizzy patients.
  1. 15%
  2. 41%
  3. 68%
  4. 87%
5.  Dizziness is a common symptom. It has a 1 year prevalence of ____%
  1. 1%
  2. 5%
  3. 10%
  4. 14.8%
6.  Which two dizziness disorders are commonly linked with other dizziness disorders?
  1. Superior canal dehiscence and Meniere’s disease
  2. Vestibular neuritis and vestibular migraine
  3. Multisensory system impairment and BPPV
  4. PPPD and BPPV
7.  Which of the following sequence of onsets of dizziness disorders is most likely to occur?
  1. SCD that evolves into vestibular neuritis and finally becomes Meniere’s disease.
  2. Vestibular neuritis that transitions into BPPV and finally becomes PPPD.
  3. BPPV that is followed by Meniere’s disease and finally SCD.
  4. Meniere’s disease that evolves into SCD and finally becomes vestibular neuritis.
8.  According to data derived from patients completing the Dizziness Symptom Profile (DSP), what percentage of patients present with multiple vestibular diagnoses?
  1. 1%
  2. 32%
  3. 68%
  4. 100%
9.  Which of the following was the most common co-occurring diagnosis based on the DSP data?
  1. Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
  2. Vestibular Migraine
  3. Meniere’s Disease
  4. Superior Canal Dehiscence
10.  Which of the following six common vestibular disorders is the most likely to have vestibular migraine as a co-occurring disorder?
  1. Meniere’s Disease
  2. Persistent Postural-Perceptual Disorder
  3. Vestibular Neuritis
  4. Superior Canal Dehiscence

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