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Loneliness and Social Isolation in Older Adults with Hearing Loss

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1.  Which of the following is true of loneliness?
  1. It is related to the emotional distress experienced when desired and actual social relationships differ.
  2. It is largely predicted by social network size.
  3. It is independent of the effort needed to maintain a conversation.
  4. It is similar for older men and women.
2.  Social isolation and loneliness:
  1. Tend to decrease with age.
  2. Describe the same emotional responses to physical isolation.
  3. Mediate the relationship between hearing loss and depression in older adults.
  4. Are independent of physical health.
3.  Social isolation and loneliness
  1. Are largely unrelated to depression and anxiety.
  2. Rarely influence mortality in older adults.
  3. Do not impact healthcare seeking behaviors.
  4. Are influenced by hearing loss in older adults.
4.  Which of the following is true regarding hearing loss in older adults?
  1. It has more impact on social isolation than loneliness.
  2. It often results in social and emotional isolation within families.
  3. It rarely results in maladaptive social behaviors.
  4. It often increases the size of social networks.
5.  Which of the following is true regarding counseling and auditory rehabilitation?
  1. They are ineffectual in reducing loneliness in older adults with hearing loss.
  2. They rarely reduce anxiety and depression related to hearing loss.
  3. They have failed to reduce the social and emotional impact of physical isolation imposed during the COVID-19 pandemic.
  4. They can reduce the depressive symptoms of elderly adults with hearing loss and cognitive decline.

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